A podcast on God, time, and everything in between. The host R.T. Mullins (PhD, University of St Andrews) will guide listeners through topics on theology, philosophy, science, and heavy metal.

Francesco Giorgio-Serchi

There are many different kinds of robots out there. There are the hard robots that vacuum your floor, and the soft robots Big Hero 6. Did you know that there are also underwater robots that look like squids? In today’s episode, I sit down with Francesco Giorgio-Serchi. We chat about robots, pig brain transplants, and the possibility of achieving immortality through robots. We even ask if immortality would be good for society.

John Mason

Many people believe that there is a close connection between consciousness and the brain. Yet the human brain is still somewhat of a mystery to us. For example, we still know very little about the early stages of human brain development. Recently, scientists have started growing these little things called brain organoids to help them understand how human brains grow and develop. In today’s episode, I sit down with the neurobiologist, John Mason, to discuss his work on brain organoids, and some of the potential philosophical implications.

Steven Nemes

In today’s episode, I sit down with Steven Nemes. We discuss a recent debate that I had over at the Theopolis website on the doctrine of divine simplicity. Why are we discussing this? Well, because some of you theology nerds love to discuss obscure medieval doctrines that the vast majority of Christians have never heard of. Steven and I give you the break down on everything that happened with this debate at Theopolis. We give you the gossip. We give you the drama, and we give you all of the theology related to the doctrine of divine simplicity.

In today’s episode, Dr. Emanuela Sani and I discuss the question ‘what is time?’ This is an important question that most philosophers, scientists, and theologians refuse to answer. Ema asks me to discuss my definition of time. Then we chat about some of the different puzzles that arise from the nature of time. We also explore some the implications of time for the nature of God, creation, divine providence, and human free will.

J.T. Turner

Christianity claims that God has made human persons in His image, and that God plans on saving humanity from death through resurrection. But what does any of that mean? In today’s episode, I sit down with Dr. JT Turner to discuss human nature and resurrection. JT explains his functional understanding of the image of God, and his hylomorphic account of human nature. We also examine some of JT’s reasons for rejecting the intermediate state between death and resurrection. 

Jamie Carrington

What makes a particular individual a human? One answer might be that a human is a biological organism with a particular kind of DNA. It is the sort of thing that lives, grows old, and dies. This raises further questions. What is DNA? What is the relationship between DNA, aging, and death? In today’s episode, I sit down with Dr. Jamie Carrington to discuss DNA replication, and different ways to achieve immortality.

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John Limanto

In today's episode, I sit down with John Limanto to discuss a theory of divine providence called Molinism. On Molinism, God is said to know what you will freely do in any possible circumstance that you might be placed in. Molinism says that God uses this knowledge to providentially arrange the world. In today's episode, John and I discuss some of the details of Molinism and human free will.

Lins McRobie

Is God a psychopath?

Do you like ukuleles?

I sit down with the Uke of Edinburgh, Ms. Lins McRobie. We discuss different conceptions of God called impassibility and passibility, and consider objections to each view. And if you are lucky, Lins might just play a song for us on her ukulele.

Joanna Leidenhag

 R.T. Mullins and Joanna Leidenhag discuss objections to panpsychism, and the nature of consciousness. This episode also introduces a new segment called "The Popcorn Round," where the guests don't know the questions ahead of time. The questions can be silly, and the answers more ridiculous. 

Emanuela Sani

In this episode I sit down with Dr. Emanuela Sani, molecular biologist at the University of Edinburgh. We chat about if there is a God and consider several arguments for its existence.

Ben Page

In case you are wondering, you are a conscious being. Have you ever asked what exactly is consciousness? And which particular things in the universe are conscious? Perhaps you think only souls can be conscious. Or maybe you think that material objects can be conscious. Whatever view you take, you need to ask where does consciousness comes from. In today’s episode, I sit down with Ben Page to discuss a family of arguments for the existence of God based on the existence of consciousness.

Listeners Questions

We have received so many interesting messages from listeners. The questions range over a host of topics, and we hope to address as many of them as we can. In today's episode, Ema Sani and I open up some mail, and respond to questions about the show, the nature of God, and the nature of time. We consider questions about the absolute theory of time, some confusions about the A-theory and B-theory of time, evil twins, Twitter gossip, and the essential and contingent attributes of God. 

Max Baker-Hytch

Have you ever wondered why God would create anything at all? Or perhaps you have asked why God would create a universe like this one. You might think that out of all the possible universes that God could create, surely He could have created one with less evil than what we find in our universe. In today’s episode, I sit down with Max Baker-Hytch to discuss problems related to God, evil, and the multiverse.

In today’s episode of The Reluctant Theologian Podcast, I sit down with Chris Woznickii. He recently won the IVP Early Career Philosopher of Religion prize for an essay that he wrote on human free will, determinism, and prayer. In today’s episode, Chris and I chat about theological anthropology before turning to discuss the nature of prayer, and the relationship between free will and theological determinism.

Thom Atkinson

In the last episode I sat down with Dr. Thom Atkinson to discuss the debate between physicalists and dualists over human nature. Thom and I began to talk about implications of this debate for understanding immortality and the resurrection of the dead. In this episode we continued the conversation on physicalism, dualism and the resurrection. we also discuss philosophical and theological objection to dualism.

Wiebke Nahrendorf

Malaria is one of the most deadly diseases in the contemporary world. It kills almost half a million people every year, and can be transmitted into humans by a single mosquito bite. In today’s episode, I sit down with the immunologist, Dr. Wiebke Nahrendorf. We discuss the immune system and the nature of malaria. We also talk about possible cures to malaria, and the discovery of Gin & Tonic. Today’s episode also has the ever popular popcorn round. 

Thomas Jay Oord

 I ask Thomas Jay Oord to consider objections to his model of God. Does essential kenosis deny God's freedom? Does it make God a creature? Does it imply an infinite past? How is it consistent with miracles? Check out Tom's answers to these objections, and more.

David Barrass

Have you ever wanted to know more about cloning? If I made a clone of myself, who would be the real me? In today's episode of The Reluctant Theologian Podcast, I sit down with biologist David Barrass, who worked with the team who created Dolly the sheep. David explains some of the benefits and downsides of cloning. We also discuss some of the philosophical implications of cloning for personal identity. This episode also contains the ever popular popcorn round.

Joanna Leidenhag

R.T. Mullins and Joanna Leidenhag discuss the emergence of consciousness, panpsychism, and its relation to theology. 
Joanna Leidenhag (PhD, University of Edinburgh) is a research and teaching fellow in science and theology at the University of St Andrews. 

Joanna's PhD examines the dialogue between Christian theology and the theory of panpsychism in philosophy of mind, both historically and in constructive contemporary forms.

Vaishak Belle

From driverless car, to robots helping surgeons in hospitals, we are increasingly accepting the role of machines and artificial intelligence in controlling our lives and taking decisions for us. But should I be really worry about my Alexa device taking over the world? In today’s episode, I sit down with Vaishak Belle. We discuss the nature of artificial intelligence, and an array of ethical questions that arise from our use of AI.

Steven Nemes

I sit down with Steven Nemes to discuss something called the modal collapse argument against divine simplicity. The modal collapse argument has been defended by myself and many other philosophers over the years. It is an argument that some people love, and that other people love to hate. In today’s episode, I ask Steven to explain how he understands the argument, and why it is a serious problem for the doctrine of divine simplicity. After that we chat about his strategies for avoiding the modal collapse.

Natalja Deng

Most religions affirm that God is an eternal being. But what does it mean for God to be eternal? Is God timeless or is God temporal? Why should I even care about God’s relationship to time? In today’s episode, I sit down with Dr Natalja Deng to discuss her new book God and Time. We will discuss some basic issues within the philosophy of time, and talk about the role they play in debates over God’s eternality.

J.T. Turner

Have you ever thought about heaven? Perhaps you have wondered what resurrected existence might be like. In today’s episode, I sit down with Dr. JT Turner to discuss some of the current hot topics that people are asking about heaven and the resurrection. Will people with disabilities have their disabilities forever? Will there be sex in heaven? Check out JT’s answers to these burning questions and more. 

Thom Atkinson

We are continuing the series on human nature.

What is a human person? Is a human person completely physical? Or does a human person have a soul? In today’s episode, I sit down with Dr. Thom Atkinson to discuss the debate between physicalists and dualists over human nature. Thom explains different arguments for and against the existence of the soul. We also talk about the implications of this debate for understanding immortality and the resurrection of the dead.

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John Limanto

If God knows the future, do you have free will? A theory called Molinism says yes. But this theory faces several serious objections. In today's episode of The Reluctant Theologian Podcast, John Limanto and I discuss some of the leading objections to Molinism from Calvinists, Thomists, and open theists.We also talk a bit about methods within analytic theology.

Thomas Jay Oord

In this episode we discuss Tom's provocative account of God's uncontrolling love, and the implications it has for the problem of evil, divine providence, and human freedom. I ask Tom about the role of philosophy, scripture, and science within theology. We also discuss whether or not God knows the future. This episode will give you a deeper insight into some of the underlying metaphysical claims within Tom's theology, as well as his method for doing theology. Stay tuned for the next episode when I ask Tom to consider objections to his views.

David Barrass

Do you want to clone your own dinosaur? In this new episode of The Reluctant Theologian Podcast, I sit down with biologist David Barrass, who worked with the team who created Dolly the sheep. David explains how Dolly was cloned. David also discusses whether or not we can clone dinosaurs, and why some chickens have teeth.

R.T. Mullins

This is an in depth episode of the Kalam argument.

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